IVF, initial treatment with medications is used to generate a relatively high number of oocytes or eggs . Depending on the stimulation protocol, various medications will be administered, once enough follicles have grown, ovulation injection or trigger is administered and  egg retrieval is  performed by ultrasound guidance. Once the eggs are retrieved they are fertilised using sperms and the resulting embryos are transferred into the womb of the woman.

The embryo(s) are then transferred into the uterus. Some of the main factors for  successful IVF  are the age of the woman and the sperm quality. While younger women have higher chances of success, the chances reduce with age-related decline in the quality as well as the quantity of eggs. Depending on the patient’s fertility profile, drugs and dosages are decided by clinicians. The patient’s egg development and maturity will be monitored with blood tests and ultrasounds regularly throughout the IVF treatment cycle. When the  follicles attain a certain size  the trigger injection is given to induce ovulation within a specific window of time.

Side effects of IVF and ICSI

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